Table tennis Rules, History, Tips & Equipment

A history of Table tennis, how to play, tips for improvement & necessary equipment

How to Play Table tennis

Table tennis, also known as "Ping-Pong," is similar to tennis but played on a table top with a smaller ball and rackets. Maybe people own table tennis tables in their basements or garages for recreational use. Table tennis is also a professional sport.

Table tennis History

Table tennis was popularized in the United States and Europe in the early twentieth century. At that time the game was band in Russia, because the rulers believed that playing the game had adverse effect on player's eye site. However, the sport continued to grow in other parts of the world, and London hosted the first official world championships in 1927. In the 1970's, table tennis served as a vehicle to help warm relations between China and the United States, when U.S. and Chinese table tennis players met at the 31st World Table Tennis Championship in Japan. In 1988, Table tennis became an official Olympic sport.

Table tennis Rules

Two to four players compete in a game of table tennis. The game takes place on a hard table 274 cm 152.5 cm 76 cm high (9 ft 5 ft 30 inches high) divided by a net. A line divides each player's side in half. A player begins the match by serving the ball over the net. In a singles game, players need to hit the ball over the net, however in doubles table tennis, the server needs to bounce the ball in the diagonal section of their opponent's court, similar to tennis. The ball can only bounce once on a player's side before they must volley it back across to their opponent. Points are scored when a player fails to return the ball correctly by, missing the ball after it hit their side, double hitting the ball, volleying the ball before it has a chance to touch on their side, letting the ball bounce twice on their side, or hitting the ball out of bounds.

According to the International Table Tennis Federation games are now played up until 11 points with players alternating serves every two points. At 10-10 (or deuce) the players alternate with every serve. The winner is the first person to gain a two point advantage over their opponent. Games are played either best of five or best of seven. Before 2001, games were played until 21 points.

Table tennis Tips

A skilled player can impart several varieties of spin to the ball, altering its trajectory and making it hard for their opponent to return. Players should keep their eyes on their opponent's racket when they are serving to avoid deception. It is best to try to return with a forehand, this takes practicing good footwork. Mix up your returns when receiving, thereby keeping your opponent off guard.

Table tennis Equipment

To play one needs a table tennis ball. A table tennis ball is hollow, has a diameter of 40 mm (formerly 38 mm), and is made of celluloid. A three star rating on a ball denotes top quality in relation to its bounce, roundness and their respective consistency. Each player is required one racket. Modern rackets are usually covered with a thin layer of rubber on the racket's striking surface. The rubber may have pimples pointing outwards or inwards, as well as a thin layer of sponge between the wood center and the rubber surface.

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