Futsal Rules, History, Tips & Equipment

A history of Futsal, how to play, tips for improvement & necessary equipment

How to Play Futsal

Futsal is a variation of soccer played indoors with a smaller ball. The object of Futsal is for players to score points by advancing the ball up the field with their feet, and kicking or heading the ball into the opponent's goal.

Futsal History

Futsal was created by Juan Carlos Ceriani in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930. It began as a game played in YMCA's. The sport quickly spread across South America. In 1971, the FIFUSA was established as the governing body for Futsal and the first World Championships were held in Brazil. FIFA took over the World Championships in 1985. FIFA's involvement in Futsal, helped the sport gain popularity. Today, Futsal is played all over the world.

Futsal Rules

Futsal is played by two teams consisting of five players to a side. It is played on a 27-46 m long and 15-25 m wide indoor field, with a four foot long and three foot wide goal on either end. The team with the most goals after two 20 minute halves wins. If the score is tied at the end of regulation, extra time is added, and the first team to score wins.

A kickoff from the center circle takes place at the beginning of each half, and after a goal is scored. Like soccer, the primary rule is that players other than the goalkeeper cannot touch the ball with their hands or arms. Players can use any other part of their body to dribble, pass, or shoot, the ball. If a ball goes out-of-bounds, the team that did not touch the ball last gets to kick the ball into play. A goal cannot be scored on a kick in from out-of-bounds. A ball that hits the ceiling is considered out-of-bounds.

A team is awarded a free kick when the other team is called for holding, tripping, pushing, or touching the ball with their hands. A penalty kick is awarded when a player commits one of the fouls worthy of a free kick in the penalty area.

Futsal Tips

Futsal players need good ball handling skills. Players can improve their ball handling skills by dribbling the ball around cones or other objects. Players should practice dribbling running at full speed, working to keep the ball close to their foot.

Futsal Equipment

Futsal is played with a size four soccer ball. Most players choose to wear shin guards.