Floor Hockey Rules, History, Tips & Equipment

A history of Floor Hockey, how to play, tips for improvement & necessary equipment

How to Play Floor Hockey

Floor hockey is a stick and ball game played indoors, on a flat floor surface. Players typically wear indoor sports shoes. There are several different variations of floor hockey.

Floor Hockey History

Floor hockey evolved from ice hockey. British soldiers invented modern ice hockey in the 1950's, while stationed in Canada. The first organized indoor hockey games took place in Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1962. Tim Harter is responsible for refining the rules of the game. The sport is popular among both boys and girls, and there are many teams, leagues and events centered around the sport.

Floor Hockey Rules

Floor hockey is played between two teams of six players to a side, on a flat surface the size of a basketball court, 94 ft by 50 ft. The object of the game is to score points by hitting the puck or ball into the opponent's goal. A floor hockey game consists of three 20 minute periods. Time of the game may vary. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins. If there is a tie at the end of regulation, extra time is added, and the first team to score wins.

Each player on the team has a position. One player serves as the center, and can play offense and defense. Two players serve as forwards, and play offense. They are not allowed to cross the center line into their defensive end. Two players serve as defensemen, and work to protect the goal. They are not allowed to cross the center line into their offensive end. One player serves as the goalkeeper and can stop the puck using their hands, feet, body, and stick. Goalkeepers are not allowed to leave the crease or hold on to the puck for more than three seconds. These violations result in the opposing team gaining possession of the puck at the center line.

The game is started with a faceoff between the centers taken at the center circle. Faceoffs restart the game after a goal or at the beginning of a period. The center cannot score on a face off unless it first touches an offensive player.

Roughing violations result in two minutes in the penalty box. Roughing violations include: Hitting the opponent with a stick when there is not chance of hitting the puck; Contacting an opponent with the stick above the waist; Contact with the goalkeeper while in the crease; Pushing, tripping, hooking, or blocking, an opponent, with the body.

The opposing team gains possession of the puck at the half court line for the following misconduct violations: A player deliberately kicks the puck; A player deliberately stops play by holding, laying, or stepping on the puck; A player contacts the puck while laying on the floor; Any player other than the goalkeeper enters the crease, or plays a puck in the crease.

Floor Hockey Tips

Players can hone their stick handling skills by keeping the puck close to their sticks, and weaving in and out of objects. Players should practice running, with the puck staying close to their sticks.

Floor Hockey Equipment

Floor hockey requires each player to have a hockey stick. The game is played with a plastic ball or puck, and two hockey goals. Players should wear indoor sports shoes.